in Vedic society, women held a position of great honor and respect. To maintain the moral and religious integrity of families and societies, it was essential for women to uphold virtuous conduct. This sentiment is beautifully encapsulated in the Manu Smṛiti with the verse: “yatra nāryas tu pūjyante ramante tatra devatāḥ” (3.56), which emphasizes that in societies where women are revered for their chastity and virtue, even the celestial gods find joy.
Arjuna, deeply concerned about the potential consequences, contemplated the ramifications of a society lacking the guidance and protection of its elders. He recognized the possibility that the moral compass of women in the family might falter. Therefore, Arjuna expressed to Lord Krishna that if the women within the family were to deviate from virtuous paths and engage in adultery, it could lead to the birth of illegitimate children. This, in turn, would not only disrupt the peace and happiness of future generations but also deprive the ancestors of their rightful Vedic rituals. Family traditions would erode, and the welfare of society would be placed in jeopardy.