Arjuna gazed out upon the expansive assembly of warriors gathered on the battlefield and found himself reflecting on his relationships with them. His thoughts turned to his esteemed teachers, Dronacharya and Kripacharaya, who had imparted their knowledge and wisdom to him. He also contemplated the presence of his granduncle Bheeshma and Somadatta, with whom he shared a connection.
Arjuna’s thoughts extended to Bhurishrava, the son of Somadatta, and the many other warriors who had taken their places on the battlefield. He couldn’t help but consider his maternal uncles, including Kuntibhoj, Purujit, Shalya, and Shakuni, who had joined the impending conflict.
Among the multitude of warriors, the most prominent figures were the hundred Kauravas, the sons of his uncle Dhritarashtra. Arjuna acknowledged the vast family tree that extended from the Kauravas, encompassing their sons, grandsons, and a myriad of other relatives, all of whom had assembled there, fully prepared for a battle that might lead to their ultimate demise.
Twice in this verse, Arjuna employed the word “api,” which signifies “even though.” He turned to Shree Krishna, addressing him as Madhusudan, the conqueror of the demon Madhu. Arjuna expressed his inner conflict, stating, “O Madhusudan, I do not desire to slay them, even though I am aware of their eagerness to engage in this battle.” He further questioned the purpose of this devastating conflict by saying, “Even though we fight for the sake of victory over the three worlds, what joy could we derive from killing our own kith and kin?” Arjuna grappled with the moral and emotional complexities of the impending battle, seeking guidance from Lord Krishna.