Shree Krishna elucidates the relationship between the body and the soul by emphasizing that the soul pervades the body. This concept is grounded in the understanding that the soul possesses consciousness, while the body is composed of insentient matter devoid of consciousness. Despite this inherent difference, the soul imparts the quality of consciousness to the body by residing within it. In essence, the soul spreads its consciousness throughout the entirety of the body.
A question may arise concerning the specific location of the soul, as the Vedas mention that the soul resides in the heart:
“hṛidi hyeṣha ātmā” (Praśhnopaniṣhad 3.6)
“sa vā eṣha ātmā hṛidi” (Chhāndogya Upaniṣhad 8.3.3)
The term “hṛidi” indicates that the soul is situated in the region of the heart. However, the observable manifestation of consciousness extends throughout the entire body. Ved Vyas addresses this apparent contradiction by explaining that even though the soul resides locally in the heart, it diffuses its consciousness throughout the body, likening it to the application of sandalwood to the forehead that cools the entire body.
To further clarify the interplay between the soul and the body, Ved Vyas offers the analogy:
“avirodhaśhchandanavat” (Brahma Sūtra 2.3.23).