The term “Ārya” in our sacred texts is not intended to denote a specific race or ethnic group. According to the Manu Smṛiti, an Aryan is characterized as a highly evolved and cultured individual. In this context, “Aryan” carries a connotation of goodness, similar to the expression “perfect gentleman.” The Vedic scriptures advocate for individuals to embody the qualities of an Aryan in all aspects of life. Shree Krishna, observing Arjun’s current state of conflict with this ideal, admonishes him for his confusion in aligning with this elevated state of being given the prevailing circumstances.
The Bhagavad Gita, or the “Song of God,” commences with Shree Krishna breaking his silence in this verse. The Supreme Lord initiates by instilling in Arjun a thirst for knowledge. He does so by highlighting that Arjun’s state of confusion is unsuitable and dishonorable for virtuous individuals. Subsequently, Shree Krishna reminds Arjun of the repercussions of delusion, encompassing pain, infamy, failure in life, and degradation of the soul.