The phrase “O Dhritarashtra, having thus been addressed by Arjun, the conqueror of sleep” is a description by Sanjay, who was narrating the events of the Kurukshetra War to King Dhritarashtra in the ancient Indian epic, the Mahabharata. In this context:
“O Dhritarashtra”: Sanjay is addressing King Dhritarashtra. “Dhritarashtra” refers to King Dhritarashtra, who was blind and the father of the Kaurava princes, including Duryodhana. Sanjay is informing him about the events taking place on the battlefield.
“The conqueror of sleep”: This is a poetic way of describing Arjuna. It suggests that Arjuna is so determined and focused that he has conquered the natural inclination to sleep, signifying his unwavering commitment to the task at hand. Arjuna’s mental alertness and readiness for battle are being emphasized here.
“Shree Krishna”: This refers to Lord Krishna, who served as Arjuna’s charioteer and guide during the Kurukshetra War. Lord Krishna played a pivotal role in the epic, providing counsel and support to Arjuna and ensuring the righteous path was followed.
“Magnificent chariot between the two armies”: Sanjay is describing how Lord Krishna skillfully positioned Arjuna’s chariot between the two armies, setting the stage for the impending battle.
The additional information you provided about Dhritarashtra being addressed as “Bhārata” is insightful. “Bhārata” means “descendant of Bharata,” and it’s a term often used in the Mahabharata to refer to the Kuru dynasty, which Dhritarashtra was a part of. So, when Sanjay addresses Dhritarashtra as “Bhārata,” he’s essentially addressing him as the representative of the Kuru lineage, reminding him of his lineage’s heritage and responsibilities.
In this way, Sanjay’s narration is rich in symbolism and respect for Dhritarashtra’s lineage while conveying the crucial events unfolding on the battlefield.